Published in the September 2015 issue of “Die Porsche Kassette”

Happy Porsche’ing,










Ⓒ2015 Technolab / PedrosGarage.com

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There are two terms that sometimes are used synonymously, but which are not: Bleeding and Flushing the Brakes.

Bleeding the brakes is a quick procedure to remove any unwanted air (water vapor) bubbles from the calipers and lines using a small amount of fluid.

Flushing the Brakes refers to replacing the entirety of the fluid with fresh brake fluid.


Porsche recommends flushing the brake/clutch hydraulic system every two years.

Why? you ask, since you don’t drive your car that much?

Brake fluid is very hygroscopic, meaning that it absorbs water. 

It will absorb water molecules from the ambient through the flexible brake lines and through the plastic walls of the fluid reservoir!

Brake fluid boils at around 400°F but water boils at 212°F, so once water gets to the calipers as soon as the calipers get up to 212°F it will boil the water and will release water vapor bubbles, which contrary to liquid, will allow to be compressed, thus altering the effectiveness of the brakes.  It makes your brakes feel mushy and soft.


A quick bleed is fine at the track, between sessions, but I personally flush my brakes right before each and every track day, even if I have back-to-back track days.  Also, once you open a new can of brake fluid you need to use it all, or it will go bad very quickly, so why not flush instead of bleed?


Before blue-dyed (racing) brake fluid was outlawed, I liked alternating the brake fluid color every time I flushed the system.  This made it very apparent to see when the old fluid had been replaced with the new fluid, as the color changed from blue to gold or vice versa.

Now, since all brake fluid MUST be gold, it’s very difficult to see when the new fluid is flowing out from the caliper, so I made myself a graduated container to tell me when fresh fluid was coming out of the calipers.


Here’s how you can make one yourself.

Start with a clean PET or PETE (PolyEthyline Terephthalate) plastic bottle that will hold at least 1 liter (1000 mL) or 1 qt. of liquid. 

PET is a crystal-clear plastic generally used in water bottles or food-product bottles which stands up well with brake fluid.

I used an empty ketchup bottle.  I guess they now have 58 varieties ;)

Bleed or Flush?   by Pedro P. Bonilla (GCR PCA)

Pedro

The tools and materials needed are:
• 1 Liter can of Brake Fluid.  DOT 4 is what goes into our Porsches.

   You have a choice of several very good products such as: Ate, AP Racing,   

   Brembo, Castrol, Motul, Pentosin, etc.












  1. Power Bleeder

  (vacuum bleeders not recommended)

• Collection (graduated) bottle and clear tubes

• 11 mm open-end wrench

• Lift, or hydraulic jack and set of sturdy stands

• Lug wrench (and security socket if used)

• Light source to work in wheel wells

• Paper towels or rags for quick pick up of spills

  1. Piece of 2” x 4” lumber for clutch bleeding

  (for manual transmission cars)


Note: The photos and instructions shown bellow are for early-production  986 but all of the water-cooled Porsches are very similar in this regard, even the trucks (Cayennes and Macans).




                        The Brake Fluid

                        Reservoir is located

                        in the front trunk, on

                        the driver’s side.





You can lift the four wheels off the ground and remove them (my preference) or you can remove them one at a time (more time consuming).


Start with the furthest wheel from the reservoir first and then work towards the closest.  the recommended sequence is:

1.- Right Rear

2.- Left Rear

3-  Right Front

4.- Left Front

5.- Clutch Master Cylinder (for manual transmission cars). 

The procedure is the same for each wheel.


Choose the Brake Fluid to use and empty a newly opened 1 liter can into the Power Bleeder.


I like to place the

Power Bleeder inside

a bucket.  In case of

any leaks or spills, the

bucket will serve as a

secondary containment

vessel, which can avoid

possible damage to your

car as Brake Fluid can

damage paint.



Pump up the pressure in the Power Bleeder to 20 psi.


Starting with the right rear:

1.- Uncap both caliper nipples


2.- Connect a clear hose to the

     inside nipple and route the

     other end to the clear,

     graduated plastic bottle for

     collection.


3.- Using the 11 mm wrench

      slowly turn the nipple (CCW)


4.- Observe the fluid coming out


5.- Once you have collected the

      recommended amount, close

      the nipple by turning clockwise.

      This does not have to be too

      tight but make sure it’s closed.


6.- Move the tube to the outer nipple

     on the same caliper and repeat

     the procedure.  Note that the time

     for new fluid to flow is greatly

     reduced, as it only has to flow

     from the inner part of the caliper

     to the outer part.  Five seconds or

     so is enough.


Now you can repeat the same procedure on the other three calipers.

Periodically, check the Power Bleeder’s pressure and pump back to 20 psi when the flow gets reduced.


For manual transmission cars, before

you start bleeding the clutch, you need

to completely depress the clutch pedal,

to open the master cylinder.  The pedal

needs to be depressed for the entire

clutch bleeding operation.

Either have an assistant depress the

pedal, or cut a piece of two-by-four (2”x4”)

lumber so that it can be wedged between

the depressed clutch pedal and the seat

rail, as shown.

With the bottle empty:


1.- Clearly label it BRAKE FLUID

2.- Measure and pour 350 mL of water and mark

     that level with a marker. 

     Label it Right Rear (RR)

3.- Measure and pour another 150 mL of water

     (500 cumulative) and mark it. 

     Label it Left Rear (LR)

4.- Measure and pour another 250 mL of water

     (650 cumulative) and mark it. 

     Label it Right Front (RF)

5.- Measure and pour another 100 mL of water

     (750 cumulative) and mark it. 

     Label it Left Front (LF)

6.- Measure and pour another 100 mL of water

     (1,000 cumulative) and mark it.  

     Label it 1 liter

7.- Empty the bottle.  It’s now ready for use.


For additional information on Brake Bleeding and Flushing and more, please visit my website: www PedrosGarage.com.

When finished bleeding the clutch you will need to manually pull back the clutch pedal, as it will not initially return on its own, when you remove the lumber or the assistant’s foot.


Bleeding the clutch is the toughest part of the procedure because the bleed nipple is difficult to get to comfortably.  It is located on top of the transmission, on the driver’s side and has a black plastic cap to protect the bleed nipple from dirt.

Make sure to let the car cool down completely because your arm could get easily burnt if not.


Once you locate it, you’ll have to:

1.- Place the 11 mm wrench on the

     nipple (here the closed end

     works better) then insert one end

     of a (longer) clear drain hose   

     onto the nipple and the other end

     into the graduated collection

     bottle.

Make sure you clean up any Brake Fluid spills because it can damage paint and is corrosive. Brake Fluid will wash off with water from hands, tools or clothes and can be neutralized with water.


Don’t forget to do this every two (2) years of before every DE or track day.

Raise the bucket off the trunk’s floor by placing it on another bucket or cardboard box to make sure that the hose that connects the Power Bleeder to the reservoir is not kinked. Raising it also gives you better access to the pump.

2.- Slowly open (CCW) the nipple and let the system flush to the

     recommended volume.


3.- Tighten the bleed nipple, remove the drain hose and recap.


4.- Slowly let off the pressure on the Power Bleeder by unscrewing the pump.


5.- Check to make sure that the Brake Fluid level in the reservoir is at the MAX

     indicator, with the car level.

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